Der Weg des Städtebauers Theodor Fischer von den Münchner Altstadt-Experimenten zur Kritik homogenisierender Altstadt-Produktion = Theodor Fischer’s Path as an Urban Planner from Old-Town Experiments in Munich to Criticism of the Trend Toward Increasingly Homogeneous Old Towns

Faculty/Professorship: Centre for Heritage Conservation Studies and Technologies  
Author(s): Enss, Carmen M.  
Title of the compilation: Produkt Altstadt : Historische Stadtzentren in Städtebau und Denkmalpflege
Editors: Enss, Carmen M.  ; Vinken, Gerhard  
Publisher Information: Bielefeld : Transcript
Year of publication: 2016
Pages: 75-90
ISBN: 978-3-8376-3537-9
Series ; Volume: Urban Studies
Language(s): German
DOI: 10.14361/9783839435373-005
With the success of Camillo Sitte’s book »City Planning According to Artistic Principles« (1889), enthusiasm for old-town centers and the desire to practise planning on the model of the old town grew among architects. Theodor Fischer (1862–1938) was one of those who embraced Sitte’s ideas and in the course of his career contributed decisively to establishing an awareness of the value of old towns in the planning culture of southern Germany. Already before the turn of the century he introduced innovative principles into the planning of Munich’s old town, and after 1900 he continued to promulgate these ideas as a university instructor and independent architect and planner. Fischer was a leading member of the Heimatschutz movement after 1902 but later criticized its aim of restoring or even remodeling old centres to reflect a romantic small-town ideal. This he countered with proposals for targeted interventions such as new streets or underground transport systems that would connect historic districts with current development.
GND Keywords: Fischer, Theodor ; München ; Altstadt
Keywords: Städtebau; Altstadt; Denkmalpflege; Süddeutschland
DDC Classification: 720 Architecture  
RVK Classification: LI 29850   
Type: Contribution to an Articlecollection
Year of publication: 21. October 2016