Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs second study (DAWN2™): Cross-national comparisons on barriers and resources for optimal care—healthcare professional perspective

Faculty/Professorship: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy  
Author(s): Holt, Richard; Nicolucci, Antonio; Kovacs Burns, Katharina; Escalante, Miguel; Forbes, Angus; Hermanns, Norbert  ; Kalra, Sanjay; Massi-Benedetti, Massimo; Mayorov, Alexander; Menéndez-Torre, Edelmiro; Munro, Neil; Skovlund, Soren; Tarkun, Ilhan; Wens, Johan; Peyrot, Mark
Title of the Journal: Diabetic medicine : journal of Diabetes UK
ISSN: 1464-5491
Corporate Body: Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Publisher Information: Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell
Year of publication: 2013
Volume: 30
Issue: 7
Pages: 789-798
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1111/dme.12242
Aims: The second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study sought cross-national comparisons of perceptions on healthcare provision for benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices to improve diabetes care.
Methods: In total, 4785 healthcare professionals caring for people with diabetes across 17 countries participated in an online survey designed to assess diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training.
Results: Between 61.4 and 92.9% of healthcare professionals felt that people with diabetes needed to improve various self-management activities; glucose monitoring (range, 29.3–92.1%) had the biggest country difference, with a between-country variance of 20%. The need for a major improvement in diabetes self-management education was reported by 60% (26.4–81.4%) of healthcare professionals, with a 12% between-country variance. Provision of diabetes services differed among countries, with many healthcare professionals indicating that major improvements were needed across a range of areas, including healthcare organization [30.6% (7.4–67.1%)], resources for diabetes prevention [78.8% (60.4–90.5%)], earlier diagnosis and treatment [67.9% (45.0–85.5%)], communication between team members and people with diabetes [56.1% (22.3–85.4%)], specialist nurse availability [63.8% (27.9–90.7%)] and psychological support [62.7% (40.6–79.6%)]. In some countries, up to one third of healthcare professionals reported not having received any formal diabetes training. Societal discrimination against people with diabetes was reported by 32.8% (11.4–79.6%) of participants.
Conclusions: This survey has highlighted concerns of healthcare professionals relating to diabetes healthcare provision, self-management and training. Identifying between-country differences in several areas will allow benchmarking and sharing of clinical practices.
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/39362
Year of publication: 19. August 2015