There's more than one way to irritation! An attempt to categorize ambiguity in art

Faculty/Professorship: General Psychology and Methodology  
Author(s): Muth, Claudia ; Carbon, Claus-Christian  
Title of the compilation: European Conference on Visual Perception, 2-6 September 2012, Alghero, Italy, ECVP2012
Corporate Body: European Conference on Visual Perception 2012, 2 - 6 Sep 2012, P100
Publisher Information: Alghero
Year of publication: 2012
Pages: 1 ; Illustrationen
Language(s): English
Irritation is not definable by outside-characteristics but is elicited by inconsistencies between internal states [Zschocke, 2006, Munich, Fink]. The principle of exclusivity calls for only one clear interpretation at a time thus explaining why we perceive a sudden switch between interpretations when bi-stable pictures are perceived. Zeki [2004, Consciousness and Cognition, 13(1), 173-196] defines ambiguity accordingly as the existence of multiple possibilities or schemata in contrast to uncertainty. We extracted several categories of ambiguity out of multi-dimensional semantic scales gathered for the perception of modern art that go beyond ambiguity as a simple “switch” of interpretations. Examples out of experiential reports further indicate that contradictory elements can be found on several levels of processing including imagination, association and simulation processes. We propose that modern art is capable of fusing unsolvable contradictions in various ways. Several theories suggest that elaboration of these ambiguities [Ramachandran and Hirstein, 1999, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(6-7), 15-51] and specifically the reduction of prediction-errors [Van de Cruys and Wagemans, 2011, i-Perception, 2(9), 1035-1062] are linked to aesthetic appreciation which underlines the relevance of looking closer at the several ways of irritation in art.

Ramachandran V S, Hirstein W, 1999 "The science of art. A neurological theory of aesthetic experience" Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 15-51

Van de Cruys S, Wagemans J, 2011 "Putting reward in art: A tentative prediction error account of visual art" i-Perception 2 1035-1062

Zeki S, 2004 "The neurology of ambiguity" Consciousness and Cognition 13 173-196

Zschocke N, 2006 Der irritierte Blick: Kunstrezeption und Aufmerksamkeit (Munich: Fink)
Type: Conferenceobject
Year of publication: 24. May 2013