Member-dominated international organizations as actors : a bottom-up theory of corporate agency




Faculty/Professorship: International Relations  
Author(s): Gehring, Thomas  ; Urbanski, Kevin 
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2023
Pages: 129-153
Source/Other editions: International theory : a journal of international politics, law and philosophy, 15 (2022), 1, S. 129-153 - ISSN: 1752-9727
is version of: 10.1017/S1752971922000069
Year of first publication: 2022
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-582400
Abstract: 
This article introduces an innovative theoretical conception of the corporate agency of international organizations (IOs). Existing rationalist and constructivist accounts attribute IO agency to the influence of intra-organizational agents. Drawing on general conceptions of corporate agency in International Relations, sociology, and philosophy, we elucidate how IOs can develop corporate agency, even if the member states prepare and adopt all organizational decisions themselves. In line with recent studies on international political authority, we replace the IO-as-bureaucracy model with the more comprehensive concept of IOs-as-governors. To establish the micro-foundations of IO agency, we adopt a bottom-up perspective and outline how, and under which conditions, IO agency arises from the interaction of constituent actors. Irrespective of any specific institutional design, IOs become actors in their own right whenever they gain action capability and autonomy. They acquire action capability whenever their members pool governance resources like the right to regulate certain activities or to manage common funds and authorize IOs to deploy these resources. IOs gain autonomy whenever they affect organizational decisions. Both dimensions of IO agency are variable and open to empirical enquiry. To illustrate our argument, we refer to the United Nations Security Council and other IOs with member-driven decision processes.
GND Keywords: Internationale Organisation; Handlungskompetenz; Entscheidungsfindung
Keywords: International organizations, corporate agency, authority, autonomy, pooling, theory
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MK 4100   
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/58240
Release Date: 17. February 2023
Project: Collective Agency of Horizontal Regulatory Organizations in Global Environmental and Financial Market Governance
Open-Access-Publikationskosten 2022 - 2024

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